How to choose a proper fishing lure

Choosing a fishing lure makes you confused because there are thousands of lures with various size, shape and color. The beginners, who lack experience, may find it hard to pick out a suitable one for fishing technique, weather and waters. Here are some suggestions to choose a right lure:


Many people believe that the vision of fish is limited with two colors white and black in the water. Other people think that fish can recognize many different colors. However, according to recent studies about fish, the fish can distinguish many colors like human do. But their sight is worse than us due to the structure of crystal. They only detect everything well in the near distance. This also depends on other factors such as: the purity of the water in a day, the sight of different fishes. Generally, all fishers agree that red and orange colors are the two colors which are hard to identify in deep waters. Therefore, we only use them in top water or the waters that is not deeper than 150 centimeters.

Blue lure and green lure are able to draw much attention of fish even if they are dipped in the water. They are the priority of the fishers when fishing in deep waters. Most color can assist you to catch fish but some bright colors are superior. In conclusion, red and orange colors are used for top water. Blue and green ones are for both deep and top water. White one is for any waters. The transparent lure is useful for top waters in hot summer. In addition, when the fish are aggressive, they will be attrated by colorful lure rather than the lure which looks natural.

Choose fishing line based on lure.


  • Floating lure: You do not to care about the sensibility of line because the fisher can easily spot the fish through the lure. Many inexperienced people may find it hard to use the braid as it is often stuck in the ring of the rod so that the floating lure should go with mono line.
  • Spinner lure: For this type of lure, the fishers ought to choose braid line to reach the best sensibility and increase drag power as the line will not be slack when you retrieve it.
  • Soft lure: The fishers let the lure sink gradually then retrieve the line. In this case, the braid will lose its sensibility but prove its features such as strength, durability, long-distance casting.
  • Jig head lure: In deep waters, Jig head with braid is really awesome since this transmits the signals from the lure to fisher’s hands, which supports fisher to feel the movement under the water easily. For mono line, you should use the hard fishing rod to detect changing signals.

I hope that these helpful information about the fishing lure will complete your fishing experience. Another important part of fishing is a fishing reel. You can find out the best spinning reel at the following link:

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The value of swimming

Swimming is considered as one of the most basic skills you can learn. Not just that, it is a sport which you can enjoy with children without causing traumas like playing football or volleyball. Let’s explore some good points of swimming:


Swimming is the best aquatic sport:

It is a water aerobics which affects and put the lowest pressure on the joints. Under the water, you just have to suffer 10% of your body weight because the water can elevate the rest of your body. This means that your body don’t need to resist the gravity when landing, which considerably reduces the pressure on the joints. Besides, it is known as the safest treatment for rheumatoid arthritis, backache and recovering the pain in different muscles. Meanwhile, the other sports such as running or lift weighting may lead to the accumulation of physical stress. The joints suffer heavy forces causing pain and repression.

Swimming is the best natural massage:

The pressure of water together with the force of muscles impact on blood vessel which supports to improve blood circulation, double the capacity of lungs, reduce the amount of insulin, lessen the danger of diabetes, diagestive disorder.

Swimming is an aquatic yoga:

When you stretch and release your muscles with a stable breath, swimming becomes flexible and easy because the muscles are easily relaxed under the water. After swimming you may feel relieved and sleepy. This is the reason why the people who often lose sleep are advised to go swimming.

Some swimming rules

  • Push your body towards with the least power, focus on moving your shoulders and keep your body parallel to the cross-line.
  • Keep your body horizontal ( your head and your backbone are in a straight line). You had better look straight into the water.
  • Cleave the water with fingers downwards and stretch fully the arms behind the head. You arms should be at the four o’clock. The pressure of water on the arms will lift your legs and reduce the force. To avoid shoulderfatigue, control your arms with the elbow instead of lifting them too high.
  • Focus on stroke length in stead of stroke rate. It means that you ought to swim further with a long stroke and reduce the frequence of stroke.
  • Stretch the arms fully and turn the whole body to one side to breath. Find a position which you just need to turn your body slightly without holding your head up to take a breath.
  • Breathe out in the water and breathe in when your head is out of the water. When breathing out, you should tap your face on the water surface slowly. When breathing in, remember to stop taking a breath if the arms are over your head. Most people are exhaussted because of breathing disorder.

I hope that you will find these tips useful and remember to apply them in swimming, which helps you avoid unfortunate situations. If you really enjoy aquatic activities, do not miss another sport-going fishing. Access the following link:, to choose the best fishing reel for you.

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What swimmers should know before swimming

Swimming is the first priority for many people in hot summer. Besides, it is a good way to keep fit and get in good shape. To learning how to swim effectively, you should pay attention to some important points as follow:


Do not eat too much before swimming:

Eating too much makes you feel uncomfortable and have a stomachache. You will not get the best result in swimmingbecause it takes about 45 minutes to digest the food that you ate. At this time, blood in your body will accumulate at digestion to do this. If you do not want to be distracted by many factors, you should eat before swimming at least 45 minutes.

Do not forget to apply sun cream:

If you go swimming outdoor, it is very necessary to apply sun cream. This protects your skin from sunburnt. However, the type of sun cream which is used for swimming must be waterproof.

Do warm-up before swimming:

To avoid being cramped, you ought to warm up to outstretch your muscles and joints. Spending from 10 to 15 minutes on warm-up exercise is proper. Do not dive into water suddenly because the difference between the water and body temperature may cause cardivovascular problems.

Drink enough water:

Swimming burns much energy so that you will be thirsty soon. You have to supplement water to your body regularly. A bottle of water is ideal preparation for your swimming.

Take essential equipment:

The equipment such as swimsuit, swimming glass, swimming cap are very important for all swimmers. They will help you to feel more confident and enjoy interesting moments without being affected by harmful factors.

Clean your ears after swimming

Ears are one of the most vulnerable parts of body, especially for those who love swimming. Water in the pool flowing into the ears is the main factor which leads to ear-related diseases. Therefore, you should clean ears by drying them after swimming to reduce the risk of ear infections.

Take a bath and wash your hair right after swimming:

The water in the pool makes your skin dry so that it is good for you to wash up your whole body. By this way, you can lessen the danger of skin and hair diseases.

Do not eat too much after swimming:

Swimming is the movement of the body , muscles and all parts of the body. In addition, swimming also helps you keep in shape as well as consume large amount of energy in the body so that feeling hungry after a swim is understandable. But do not fill your empty stomach with so much food because it will make you gain weight soon, especially in the period of weight loss.

I hope that you will find these tips useful and remember to apply them in swimming. If you really enjoy aquatic activities, do not miss another sport- going fishing. Access the following link:, to choose the best baitcasting reel for you .

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Tips to arrange things and stuff in house

You are going to clear your house to make it fresh and clean for some special events, occasions or just it is the time for cleaning then the following tips will guide in making your wish come true.

  1. Using table which have the lower drawer

This is not only add beauty to the table, for example the sofa table in the living room, it also helps you to save space and you can save a lot of time for clearing things as you have the space to store them. On the surface of the table you can decorate with a vase of flower or some statues while in the low drawer you can place books, box of tissue, some small things such as remote control, papers and so on.

  1. Do not use drawer for storing stuff

Seriously, all families will have the space or at least a drawer to place all the stuff which can not be used or you will not know what can be used with these things. It is the time for you to clear them out, you can arrange them many times but it will not become tidy so the best way is that you have to choose something useless and throw them away.

  1. Do not use so many hanging shelves in the wall

Of course, the use of the hanging shelves and other kinds of shelves is advised for small house but you should not make use of them by arranging in all places in the house. It can make your house bad view and look suffocating.

  1. Do not try to be perfect in clearing things in house 

You should not be pressed by so many worries such as whether the house has been thoroughly cleaned, your clothes has been properly arranged. If you think of them too much you will find it hard and do not know what to do.

  1. Make use of the gift box

You can be given a lot of gift box. You satisfy with the gift inside but how about the box, do you intend to throw it away. You can keep them to store some small things such as some popular jewelry, some stuff or some papers which can help you to store things properly and tidily.

  1. Ask yourself some questions before throwing things

Sometimes, you can not decide if you should throw these things away or not. Then before throwing things you should ask yourself some questions for instance, what if the function of purpose of this thing? Is it useful for you? Is it familiar with you? In some cases if you find the answers are No then you can feel free to throw them without wondering.

  1. Use the mirror to hide the television 

Instead of displaying the television out in the drawer like others, you can put them in a drawer with mirror outside to make it different.

  1. Having hanging shelf in the corridor

You just need some hanging shelves to hang things and stuffs in the corridor which can help to make your house cleaner and tidier. You can hang in the corridor your umbrella, raincoat, hat and so on.

  1. Use multifunctional furniture

The use of multifunctional furniture is a smart choice in small space because of its space saving and smart usage. You can think of some multifunctional furniture such as the 3 in 1 table for sofa for working and for eating, it is up to your purpose and demand to decide which kinds of combination will be needed for your daily activities.

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How to decorate the kitchen in a modern and convenient manner

When thinking of decorating the kitchen, you might find it confused about how to do and what you should start with the decoration. Actually no good plan will need to changes and adjustments during the implementation. So in order to reduce the changes you should make plan of what, when, how to do and who to do.

Depending on your desire to decorate your kitchen, you will decide the scope of the work meaning you will change some decoration items, repaint the kitchen shelf or you will do all things for the kitchen.

The following steps will guide you to have a good plan for kitchen decoration.

– Firstly, you should start with the general layout of the kitchen. If you would like to redecorate to find the new outlook for the kitchen you can start with the design. You can hire some professional designers to work on it for you or you can start with your own idea then consult some experts.

– Kitchen floor is the next consideration. If you are interested in the function of the floor, especially the weather where you live then you have to choose the material which can be the most suitable for the house.

– Kitchen shelf is very important. You should calculate the amount of things you are going to store in the kitchen shelf because there are the cases that people can find it too narrow for them to store things with their kitchen shelf.

– Besides, color and material is also needed to create the depth and emotion for the kitchen shelf. The easiest choice is the one with medium color because it can come and match with the color of the wall and the dining table. For material, wood is always chosen but steel and inox can be more popular also.

– Change of the surface of the cooking table can make the kitchen a new look. With a new material, new vintage of the cooking table your kitchen will become vivid and attractive.

– Currently, the lighting system for the kitchen is very various and abundant meeting all the demand of customers. In-wall lamps are very popular as they can save space and have nice appearance.

Moreover, the use of lamps will depend on the level of light that the owner would like to have in his kitchen. For example, if the owner would like a warm and cozy kitchen then they can use a wide range of yellow lamps. If the owner likes modern atmosphere then the modern lamps with white color should be more preferred in this case.

In other words, if you would like your kitchen to be unique you can use some lamps which can create a lot of visual effect. Paintings can be good choice to emphasize area of lights but paintings in the kitchen must be taken into consideration especially the size compared to the area of the wall and the kitchen.

– Color is of utmost importance when decorating the kitchen. Color has played an important role in deciding the emotion of the space. The color can make a space more vivid and warmer but at the same time wrong selection of color can make the atmosphere blur and cold.

In some cases, the selected color is up to the characteristics and emotion of the owner however for the kitchen, is the place where family get together, it should be fresh, comfortable and cozy so the color should satisfy these features in order to make the kitchen a beautiful place in the house.

– Some people are afraid of buying things to decorate in the kitchen but in fact they do not need to spend so much money on that because they can make use of all the things which is necessary for the kitchen, use them to decorate the kitchen. The good arrangement of the kitchen shelf with stuff inside can provide a very good painting for the kitchen which you can not buy in any shop outside. The arrangement of furniture such as the fridge, cooker, oven and so on can create a good and comfortable space for the kitchen also. Just try to make use of them for decoration your kitchen.„



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How to select an air rifle for home decoration

Selecting the right air rifle can be a hard work but it is more challenging for choosing the one for home decoration, a very new function of the air rifle not a common one for hunting. A wide variety of model and price can make it even more difficult for people to choose the best air rifle. Many people are stick on searching information and review in the air rifle center or some forum but still consider it hard to find down.

Principally, you should know about the technology and operation mechanism of an air rifle. There can be some questions for you to think of before deciding anything. For instance, what is the purpose of the air rifle? You would like to use it for general hunting, for sport competition, for home decoration or for any other purpose? Then if for hunting, you have to decide which kinds of hunting do you intend to go for, when will you go for hunting? Or you use for home decoration, so where will you place it and how do you want it to be displayed? There can be a lot of other related questions that you should ask yourself and the answers to those questions can be valuable input for the people to choose the right air rifle for proper purpose.

The following will show you several types of air rifle which can be used for home decoration as an additional functions of the air rifle:

– A webley patriot or a gamo 1250 Hunter can be one of the choices for home decoration even though they are quite difficult for cock but it turns out to be safe at home because women and children can find it too heavy to pull the trigger. Another hard model for shooting can be the air rifle under the type of pre-charged pneumatic air rifle.

– For some hunters, they will go hunting for small animal so they will prefer some air pistols which are smaller and shorter than a normal air rifle but it can have the power to shoot the target properly. The Beeman P1 is regarded as one of the notable models for this kind of gun. Because of its feature, you can decorate it in the box and place them in the living room drawer. The same for some automatically air pistols. It comes at a reasonable price but nice appearance. Moreover, it is short so easy to move from places to places and when wrap in a decoration box you can change the place to stay for it.

– Another kinds of air rifle is the one with optical sight. A TX 200 can give you the ability to see further and with the long scope it looks very charming and attractive in appearance.

– Quality is factor which you have to consider the most. Regardless of the purpose you may use for your air rifle the quality of the air rifle must be ensured. It must be safe for user in all cases, it must be powerful enough in shooting, it must be nice and less scary enough for decoration. You should take case of all these things and an Air Arms TX 200 is one of the kinds which can meet most of the demand.

– Other people may think of the large air rifle, meaning they would like to have a big one to show the high power. For these people, they can choose A Sheridan Blue Streak. Of course it will be quite heavy because it is larger than normal one. It will be difficult to hang in the wall firmly without any supporting equipment. But for this kind, shoppers can stick a holder for you in the body of the air rifle if you ask for home decoration. Another similar kind can be a BSA Supersport Magnum, which is a powerful and big air rifle for hunting big animal.

Of course, there can be other things you should think of when you decide to choose the air rifle for home decoration but above are some important ones. And the last question is that how does it cost you? It is quite important because if you need for decoration only so you do not need to spend around 3-400 US dollars for a too powerful air rifle which will not be used for hunting during the cycle life of the gun. Rather you buy a cheaper just for decoration. But if you are hunters, it is worthy to buy a powerful air rifle regardless of the price as long as it can help you to shoot accurately and properly. Then decoration can be additional purpose and function of the air rifle in off season or in time you are off hunting.


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Introducing the airbrush

THE INVENTION of the airbrush is attributed to American watercolorist Charles Burdick, who perfected it in 1893. He created his Aerograph, as he called it, for painting in watercolor. It allowed him to add paint layers without disturbing those already applied and to achieve soft edges.

The basic principle of operation hasn’t changed much from the early days–by mixing paint with forced air, the airbrush can create a fine, light spray. Today, however, airbrushes aren’t considered just for watercolors. If a medium is the consistency of milk, it can be sprayed through an airbrush. Watercolor, gouache, acrylic, ink, dye–even food coloring–have found their way into and out of this helpful tool.

Advantages of the Airbrush

The airbrush isn’t a magic wand, but it is a useful tool for artists. For gradual blending from one color into the next (as in painted sunsets (see A, page 67) and for even applications of color, nothing works better than the airbrush. It can also simulate the look of mist (see B, page 67), fog, clouds and smoke, shading on objects, sheen on metallic objects and highlights on fruit–to name just a few applications. In short, an airbrush extends the capabilities of any medium being sprayed through it.

It’s a small tool–about the size of a fountain pen–and doesn’t require lessons to operate; you simply have to know how to get started.

Single- Versus Double-Action

There are basically two kinds of airbrushes: single-action and double-action. Most single-action airbrushes mix paint with air outside the airbrush body, resulting in a relatively grainy, one-size-fits-all spray.

The double-action airbrush mixes the medium inside the airbrush, creating a finer spray. The descriptor double-action refers to the lever: push it down and you get airflow; pull it back and you control the spray. The farther back the lever is pulled, the larger the spray of paint will be. Naturally, with this kind of control, a double-action airbrush is recommended for the fine artist. (See C, at right)

Putting the Parts Together

Every airbrush has a spray tip. For detailed work a fine tip is needed, and the smaller the tip, the thinner the medium obviously has to be.

In addition, every airbrush is powered by an air supply. There are three choices: first are cans of air, which are expensive and will slowly lose their pressure; these should be used only in emergencies. The second choice is a compressed air tank, which is quiet but eventually has to be refilled; this can be inconvenient if you don’t have a supplier nearby. The third choice, and the one I recommend, is an air compressor. Buying a best air compressor would probably be the most expensive investment you’d make in adopting the airbrush, but air compressors last many years.

Air compressors come in different models. Direct air compressors run constantly to maintain pressure. They can be loud, and they vibrate. A silent compressor has an expansion tank. When the air in the tank reaches a certain pressure, the compressor shuts off so the artist can work in a quiet atmosphere. When the pressure falls to a preset level, the compressor turns on again to maintain pressure. Although the silent compressor is more expensive, I recommend it. (See Air Compressor Shopper’s Q&A, at air

To attach the airbrush to the air supply, you’ll need an air hose, and the air hose must be compatible with your airbrush. The easiest way to assure compatibility is to buy a compressor and an air hose made by the same company.

How To Use an Airbrush

When operating an airbrush, you can work on a table or at an easel–whichever is more comfortable. After you hook up the airbrush to the compressor with the air hose (follow the manufacturer’s instructions), place a small amount of medium in the color cup, which is on either the top or the side of the airbrush (using a big watercolor brush for this is helpful).

By using the “drip technique,” you can ascertain whether your medium is thin enough. Load a large brush with your medium and note how it drips off the brush. If it drops off in a fast stream, the medium is too thin; if there’s hardly any drip at all, your medium is too thick.

Generally, most airbrush users set the compressor at 15-30 psi (pounds per square inch). Testing the sprayof the airbrush lets you determine the best pressure setting. The higher the psi, the finer the spray droplets will be.

The closer the airbrush is to your surface, the smaller the sprayed area will be. The farther the airbrush is from your surface, the softer the edges of your sprayed area will be, which can be effective in depicting clouds or for applying shading or creating a slightly out-of-focus effect. The possibilities are many.

If you want hard edges, use stencils. You can use found objects for stencils or make stencils out of any kind of paper that can be cut with an X-Acto knife. (See Freehand Spraying and Stenciling, above.)

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Feasts & Celebrations Collecting the Old and…the New

She has collected her blue and white Staffordshire, widely produced in England during the 19th century, in patterns ranging from allegorical and historical scenes to floral, fruit and vegetable still lifes. “I love pieces that can be used and enjoyed,” said Ms. Ohrbach, the author of “Antiques at Home” (Clarkson N. Potter, 1989). She even sometimes buys damaged pieces, believing wear is part of their charm. Every day, both adults and children in her house in upstate New York use the earthenware, which is repaired only if it has great market or sentimental value. She paid as little as $10 for some of the smaller items in her collection, begun in the late 1960’s with purchases from flea markets and antiques fairs. Today, simple Staffordshire patterns in antiques stores sell from about $15 for a cup to between $50 and $125 for a dinner plate.

Robert C. Woolley’s collection of Regency Spode focuses on one rare and widely sought pattern, number 967, which was inspired by Japanese Imari porcelain. Mr. Woolley, a senior vice president at Sotheby’s, has acquired museum-caliber examples of the design, which was produced in England between 1805 and 1815. His service for 12 was bought from auction houses and antiques dealers beginning in the 1970’s for a low of $250 a piece to a high of $1,000. The Spode has appreciated handsomely; Mr. Woolley recently sold a small platter for $2,000. He stores the porcelain in a breakfront, but also uses it frequently for dinner parties. He always replaces a broken piece, and had only these words on the maintenance of his collection: “I handle it very carefully.”– A.M. WHERE TO FIND REPLACEMENTS FOR VINTAGE TABLEWARE

WHEN VINTAGE TABLEWARE BREAKS, the piece — or at least the look — needn’t be hard to replace. A number of service companies specialize in tracking down current versions of old patterns, reproductions of discontinued ones or, in some cases, authentic vintage tableware.

When seeking their help, give any identifying information, such as the material, pattern name and a photocopy of the markings. Crystal patterns are discontinued frequently, and are especially difficult to replace. If the pattern is unknown, send a photograph.

For patterns still in production, many customer service departments of tableware manufacturers can direct a consumer to a dealer or department store that carries the styles. Auctions, estate sales, local antiques dealers and flea markets are also sources of replacements, as well as the following companies. Buschemeyer’s Silver Exchange (flatware) 515 South Fourth Avenue, Louisville, Ky. 40202, (800) 626-4555. Coinways Antiques Ltd. (sterling flatware) 136 Cedarhurst Avenue, Cedarhurst, N.Y. 11516, (516) 374-1970; out of state, (800) 645-2102. Jean’s Silversmiths (discontinued flatware) 16 West 45th Street, New York, N.Y. 10036, (212) 575-0723. Locaters Inc. (discontinued china, crystal and flatware) 908 Rock Street, Little Rock, Ark., 72202, (800) 367-9690. Pattern Finders (china and crystal) P.O. Box 206, Port Jefferson Station, N.Y. 11776, (516) 928-5158. Replacements Ltd. (all tableware) 302 Gallimore Dairy Road, Greensboro, N.C. 27409-9723, (919) 668-2064. Tere Hagan Flatware Matching Service (flatware) P.O. Box 25487, Tempe, Ariz. 85285, (800) 528-7425. The Walter Drake Silver/China Exchange (flatware and china) Drake Building, 4510 Edison Avenue, Colorado Springs, Colo. 80940, (800) 525-9291. — A.M.


Photos: Robert C. Woolley sets his early 19th-century Spode porcelain on a table bare of linens, typical of the period.; For 20 years, Barbara Ohrbach has been gathering and using a mix of blue and white Staffordshire earthenware. (pg. 24) TOP ROW: “La Chasse” porcelain dinner plates from Villeroy & Boch, $30 each. At Villeroy & Boch Creation, 974 Madison Avenue; Southampton, L.I.; Beverly Hills and Costa Mesa, Calif., and Washington SECOND ROW: “Chelsea Bird” porcelain dessert plates, two at left and two at right, $180.50 the set of four, and shell dish, center, $90, from Mottahedeh for Colonial Williamsburg. From the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, (800) 446-9240.; “Charleston Feather” porcelain candlesticks from Mottahedeh for Historic Charleston Reproductions, $250 a pair. From The Historic Charleston Foundation, (803) 723-8292. Also to order at Bergdorf Goodman, Bloomingdale’s, Saks Fifth Avenue and Gump’s; Shell-pattern sterling- silver ladle, based on an English design circa 1760, $229. From the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation

THIRD ROW: Tobacco-leaf cup and saucer, left, $115, salad plate, $100, and dinner plate, far right, $135, from Mottahedeh for The Metropolitan Museum of Art. At Barneys New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Shop; Sterling-silver salt and pepper shakers from Empire, $49.95 a set. From Ross-Simons, (800) 556-7376; Crystal and silver salt and pepper shakers, $85 a set, and miniature silver coasters, $85 the set of four, from Christofle. At Barneys New York; Canton serving dish, center, from Mottahedeh for Historic Charleston Reproductions, $165. At Macy’s Herald Square; “Cincinnatti leaf” dish, second from right, areproduction of a Chinese-export porcelain design, $75. From Winterthur, (800) 767-0500. Also at Bergdorf Goodman, to order

BOTTOM ROW: Silver-plate biscuit canister, about $40, and candlestick, center, about $75 a pair, both from InternationalSilversmiths. At Saks Fifth Avenue; “Orleans Blue” bone china dinner plate from Lenox China, $40. At Bloomingdale’s. Macy’s; “Du Barrie” gold-rimmed bone china dessert plate and salad plate, $275 for a four-piece place setting. At Barneys New York; Shell-pattern sterling- silver flatware, left and center, based on an English design circa 1760, $569.50 for a five-piece place setting, and matching meat fork, $229. From the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation; White ceramic pitcher, $120. At Tiffany & Company; Melon-shaped silver-plate teapot from Towle Silversmiths, $130. At Macy’s Herald Square; “Perugia” cup and saucer from Ginori, $97. At Barneys New York; Silver-plate tray with embossed center from Reed & Barton, $44.95. From Ross-Simons.

GLASSWARE: “Laurel” crystal water goblet from Lenox Crystal, $40. At Bloomingdale’s. Macy’s; “Baluster” hand-blown lead crystal wineglass, $61. From the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation; “Herringbone” champagne flute from the Ralph Lauren Home Collection, $55. At Polo/Ralph Lauren, 867 Madison Avenue; Hand-blown lead crystal wineglass, $75. From the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation; “Emma” goblet from the Ralph Lauren Home Collection, $28. At Polo/ Ralph Lauren, 867 Madison Avenue. (pg. 25) (Photographs by John Hall for The New York Times)

BY ALISON MOORE; Alison Moore is a stylist and writer who specializes in the decorative arts and fashion.


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Liquitex Professional paint markers and spray paint prod an artist toward experimentation

ARTISTS OFTEN BORROW and adapt mark-making tools, applying them to their own artmaking process. I’ve seen artists use dental tools, hardware gadgets, kitchen utensils, carpentry tools and so on. It’s not surprising, then, that more mainstream artists are looking outside and recognizing that tools associated with street art can be an inspiration.

Graffiti dates back to ancient times when words and figures were scratched onto the walls of caves. A more contemporary understanding of graffiti encompasses murals and marks created by felt pens and spray paint on walls, fences and other public and private structures. These murals and tags have often been met with scorn, because the messages are considered vulgar and the acts equivalent to vandalism. In spite of these negative connotations, the tools used (as well as the skill required) for street art are slowly being accepted and legitimized as “real.”

So how can we take the practices from street art culture and apply them to our own work–and to what we have to say?

Not Just in Tubes Anymore

Artist-quality acrylic felt markers and spray paints are now readily available in art supply stores in most cities. The products come in a wide variety of colors. Liquitex produces 100 highly pigmented hues in spraycans and 50 colors in paint markers. These products are filled with lightfast, durable, permanent, professional-quality, water-based paints that can be intermixed with other acrylics in your studio. It was my pleasure to give the paints a try.

The Liqutex acrylic markers are filled with a water-based acrylic with a satin finish. Replaceable nibs are available in 2mm (chisel tip) and 15mm (square tip) sizes. As an artist who likes line, I felt that these markers could enhance the integration of line in my work. I found the markers easy to use; they seem to work well on any surface that you would use for an acrylic painting.

Spray Paint Cans

To try the sprays, I fashioned a tent in my shop. I taped clear plastic to the wall above the shop bench and secured it at the bottom edges to create a simple spray booth. This tent wasn’t ventilated but it kept thespray in one area. Since the tent was clear plastic, I could see through it, while placing my arms under the plastic to spray and work the painting surface.

Although Liquitex makes a low-odor product, the paints disperse into the air prior to landing on your painting surface; hence, it’s best to use some precautions. Use a well-ventilated room or a spray booth (you can improvise your own, as I did). I would also recommend wearing a mask to protect yourself from breathing in the particulates.

The cans are easy to use: shake, tilt and apply pressure to the top of the nozzle or cap. As with any spraycan you may have used in the past, the paint will come out in a fine spray. Varying the distance of the nozzle to the surface will produce different widths and degrees of sharpness of line. To create a saturated thin line, spray the paint close to the board; then pull away to widen the line and decrease the saturation of the paint.

Because this is a pigment-based spray paint, in order to keep the nozzles from clogging, make sure you shake the can for two minutes before you spray. To keep the nozzle clear once you’ve finished painting, hold the spray can upside down as you spray. These tactics should keep the nozzle clear, but replacement caps are available wherever spray cans are sold.

Making Your Own Mark

For years I’ve been writing thoughts onto the surface of the paint. Working with markers and spray paintallows me to further my use of words as symbols. These products are a great addition to my process; they’ve really helped me to emphasize concepts of communication and connection within more traditional imagery.

I’m always thinking, “What if?” You can ask the same question: What would happen if you were to incorporate the Liquitex markers and spray paint in the development of your surface? Take a look at what happened when I tried.


Surfaces: paper, board, canvas

Paints: Liquitex acrylic markers; Liquitex spray paint

Other: clear plastic; good quality mask to wear during the spraying process; stencils and scraping tools

  1. Markers andSprays

Here’s an array of acrylic markers with chiseled replacement nibs in 2mm and 15mm sizes (1a), as well asspray cans of Liquitex Professional paint (1b).

  1. Surfaces and Strokes

I pulled out a painted board (covered with a layer of acrylic paint) as a surface. I just had to remove the lid and press the nib down onto the surface–allowing the paint to move through the nib to make a mark (2a).

As with many drawing tools, you can vary the size of the line by twisting the nib as you draw it across the surface. The speed of the stroke, fast or slow, will also influence the quality of the line (2b).

  1. Trying Stencils

Here are some materials to create patterns (3a). I placed the stencil on top of the surface and sprayed thepaint over the top (3b). The areas of the stencil that are cut out will allow the paint to create a pattern on the surface. You just lift up the stencil to expose the design (3c). You can repeat the process numerous times.

  1. Mixing Markers andSprays

After creating a pattern with stencils and several colors of spray paint, I used a marker to inject another element into the composition.

JEAN PEDERSON is the author of Expressive Portraits and Mixed Media Workshop, both available at book stores and at


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